Conflict in adolescent dating relationships inventory
The objective was to identify the factors that influence dating violence among high school students and analyze the effect of contextual dating variables in the development of strategies to prevent conflict and violence in romantic relationships.In a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational study, we administered questionnaires consisting of sociodemographic and contextual characterizations of dating, the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory and the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence Scale, to 243 adolescents attending Portuguese public high schools.Se contó con una muestra de 670 estudiantes universitarios heterosexuales (62,8% mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre los 19 y 25 años (.Author Affiliations: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Centre for Prevention Science, London, Ontario (Drs Wolfe and Crooks, Ms Chiodo, and Mr Hughes); Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario (Dr Wolfe); Faculty of Education and Centre for Research and Education on Violence Against Women and Children (Dr Jaffe), Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Mr Stitt and Dr Donner), and King's University College, The University of Western Ontario, London (Dr Ellis); and Thames Valley District School Board, London (Mr Hughes), Canada.It is widely known that a young woman’s personal background and life experiences impact her chances for both positive and negative outcomes.Key “background factors” that can lead to negative outcomes include living in unstable housing, family violence, and mental health issues .
: Our systematic review identified 21 quantitative articles and eight qualitative articles addressing dating violence among high risk young women.
Due to these background factors, certain young women are considered to be “high-risk” and are, thus, at increased odds for a range of poor outcomes, such as low educational achievement, interpersonal difficulties, and maladjusted coping .
There is a substantial body of literature on the poor outcomes high-risk young women can experience.
They inhabited mainly rural areas, most were Portuguese, and a majority were in 10th grade. We found statistically significant differences in all kinds of violence, by gender (higher in boys) and by religion, and according to which partner initiated sexual activity. The behaviors of conflict victimization overlapped with those of perpetration, and the boys showed more strategies of conflict, while girls and the older adolescents had more no abusive strategies of their own.
The conflict behaviors were significant in adolescents who initiated sexual activity earlier and not abusive strategies when sexuality is spoken between lovers or friends.
The study of adolescent relationship aggression will benefit by expanding the focus of aggression to include psychological aggression as well as physical aggression, and by examining adolescents’ appraisals of the aggression they experience.